(CNN) — A wave of suicides at Cornell University in the past two semesters is a “public health crisis,” the school’s mental health initiatives director said.
“We are not out of the woods yet,” Timothy Marchell said of the school in Ithaca, in upstate New York.
The Ithaca Police Department reported four student suicides during the fall 2009 semester, and at least two over the last two months.
In February, a freshman jumped off a bridge over one of the area’s well-known gorges. Last Thursday, the body of a sophomore engineering major was found under similar circumstances.
Police are also searching for a body in another suspected suicide witnessed last Friday.
The cause of the wave of suicides is unclear, Marchell said.
Cornell had no suicides from 2005 to 2008, he added. And the school has consistently fallen within or below the national average for such deaths, said Karen Carr, assistant dean of students at Cornell.
The national average is 7.29 suicides per year for every 100,000 students, said Paula Clayton, medical director of the American Foundation for Suicide Prevention. That means Cornell, with 19,639 students, should average fewer than two suicides a year.
The school has been praised by psychologists such as Keith Anderson, chairman of the American College Health Association’s Mental Health Best Practices Task Force, for counseling and prevention programs that confront the issue of student suicide with comprehensive training and understanding.
Cornell responded to a cluster of suicides in the late 1990s with comprehensive training for members of the university community.
Everyone on campus, including janitors, administrators, residential advisers and professors, is trained to look for symptoms of depression. Freshmen are screened for indicators of psychological disorders, and multiple counseling services are available for students in need.
“I know that they’ve been doing a lot of outreach efforts to educate the community. Cornell is kind of a model in some ways,” said Anderson, who is a staff psychologist at the Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, in Troy, New York.
In response to the current wave of suicides, Cornell will “strengthen the capacity of the community to know what to do,” Marchell said. “They will be showing non-mental health professionals what role they can play, and help students and faculty get the kind of support that they need.”
The school also has posted guards to restrict access on the bridges over the gorges.
On Wednesday, campus clubs such as Cornell Minds Matters took part in a school-wide event to promote mental health awareness.
David Skorton, who became president of Cornell in 2005, has been praised by counselors for encouraging openness on an issue that many schools try to cover up.
In an e-mail to students on Friday, he encouraged them to use the resources available:
“If you learn anything at Cornell, please learn to ask for help. It is a sign of wisdom and strength.”